Valorizing kitchen waste to produce value-added fertilizer by thermophilic semi-continuous composting followed by static stacking: Performance and bacterial community succession analysis

Peng, X.-Y.; Wang, S.-P.; Chu, X.-L.; Sun, Z.-Y.; Xia, Z.-Y.; Xie, C.-Y.; Gou, M.; Tang, Y.-Q.

Bioresource Technology 373: 128732

2023


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-2976
PMID: 36774986
Accession: 089950529

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Abstract
To explore an effective decentralized kitchen waste (KW) treatment system, the performance and bacterial community succession of thermophilic semi-continuous composting (TSC) of KW followed by static stacking (SS) was studied. A daily feeding ratio of 10% ensured stable performance of TSC using an integrated automatic reactor; the efficiencies of organic matter degradation and seed germination index (GI) reached 80.88% and 78.51%, respectively. SS for seven days further promoted the quality of the compost by improving the GI to 91.58%. Alpha- and beta-diversity analyses revealed significant differences between the bacterial communities of TSC and SS. Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Gemmatimonadetes, and Myxococcota were dominant during the TSC of KW, whereas the members of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes responsible for product maturity rapidly proliferated during the subsequent SS and ultimately dominated the compost with Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. These results provide new perspectives for decentralized KW treatment using TSC for practical applications.