Regional testing of triploid hybrid clones of populus tomentosa
Li, L.; Du, J.; Ma, L.; Ding, C.; Zhang, P.; Kang, X.
Bmc Plant Biology 23(1): 277
ISSN/ISBN: 1471-2229 PMID: 37226129 Accession: 090242009
Triploid Populus tomentosa, a timber tree species, has been widely planted in northern China owing to its potential high yields and high wood quality. Though genetic variances in growth traits and wood properties have been reported across several planting sites, regional testing of triploid hybrid clones of P. tomentosa has not been conducted on a large scale. Ten 5-year clonal trials were used to evaluate the inheritance of growth traits, to determine suitable deployment zones, and to identify optimal triploid clones at each experimental site to determine the clones that would be suitable at all sites. A total of 2,430 trees from nine triploid hybrid clones were sampled during the ten trials. The clonal and site effects and clone × site interactions were highly significant (P < 0.001) for all the studied growth and yield traits. The estimated repeatability of means for diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree height (H) was 0.83, which was slightly higher than for stem volume (SV) and estimated stand volume (ESV) (0.78). The Weixian (WX), Gaotang (GT), and Yanzhou (YZ) sites were each considered to be suitable deployment zones, and the Zhengzhou (ZZ), Taiyuan (TY), Pinggu (PG), and Xiangfen (XF) sites were found to be the optimal deployment zones. The TY and ZZ sites were the best discriminative environments, and the GT and XF sites were the best representative environments. GGE pilot analysis revealed that yield performance and stability were significantly different among all the studied triploid hybrid clones across the ten test sites. It was therefore necessary to develop a suitable triploid hybrid clone that could do well at each site. Taking into account both yield performance and stability, the triploid hybrid clone S2 was determined to be an ideal genotype. For triploid hybrid clones, the WX, GT, and YZ sites represented suitable deployment zones and the ZZ, TY, PG, and XF sites represented optimal deployment zones. Yield performance and stability were significantly different among all the studied triploid hybrid clones across the ten test sites. Developing a suitable triploid hybrid clone that could do well at all sites was therefore desirable.